#COP27

REINING IN CLIMATE CHANGE

Floods in Pakistan, an unprecedented heat wave in Europe, droughts in China and Africa — these are some of the starkest examples of extreme weather events in 2022 that show climate change is no longer an imaginary threat. It is in this backdrop that United Nations climate change conference (COP27) starts in Egypt from November 6, 2022. As the Primer below explains, if countries fulfill all the emissions promises they have made, they still put the world on a dangerous path toward a planet that will be warmer by some 2.4 degrees Celsius by year 2100, compared with preindustrial times. Get the latest updates, opinions and insights on what needs to be done to save the planet from climate change all at one place here.

TopNEWS

the
climate
glossary

Weather vs Climate
Climate Change vs Global Warming
Net Zero Emissions
Carbon Neutrality
UNFCC, COP, IPCC
Carbon Footprint
Carbon Credits
Emissions Trading Schemes
Green Bonds
Just Transition

Paris Agreement GoalWHERE ARE WE NOW?

MSCI TEMPERATURE CHECK
Are we on Track To Reach the Paris Agreement Goal?
The Paris Agreement gave the world a collective mission: limit global warming to 1.5ºC-2ºC (2.7ºF-3.6ºF ) above pre-industrial levels.
Unfortunately, we aren’t close to hitting the goal we set five years ago.
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What happens if we fail to reach our goals
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Low-lying areas become uninhabitable
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Species extinctions increase
img30pof plant and animal species could be extinct by 2070
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Food and water become more scarce
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Mortality rates increase 250,000 additional deaths per year could occur between 2030 and 2050
death_chart= 1,000 deaths
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Equatorial regions become uninhabitable
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Economic losses increase 2% of U.S. GDP (over $400B) could be lost with a 4ºC rise in temperature
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Everyone, including investors, can support sustainable initiatives
To help avoid these consequences
Source – PNAS (2020), WHO (2018), Brookings (2019)

OUR IMPACT ONCLIMATE CHANGE

1
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Modern farming methods can degrade soil more than 100x faster than the time it takes for new soil to form. Since the dawn of civilisation, humanity has removed nearly half of the world’s forest cover.
2
Agricultural land use (1961 - 2017)
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Livestock production is currently responsible for around 33% of the global methane emissions.
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Nitrogen-based fertilizers are having serious downstream effects on aquatic ecosystems.
3
Greenhouse gas emissions are
on the rise (1961 - 2016)
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Methane and nitrous oxide have much greater warming potential than carbon dioxide.
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Surprisingly, rice production accounts for a quarter of all agricultural methane emissions.
4
Change in temperature
(1851 - 2018) Things are heating up particularly on dry land
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5
The risk zonesA 1.5º increase brings significant risks to humanity
Legends : Level of impact/risks as identified by IPC
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Source – IPCC Climate Change and Land Report 2019

CLEANESTENERGY SOURCE

CO2- Equivalent Emissions Per Gigawatt-Hour of Electricy Over the Lifetime of a Power Plant Tonnes
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Source: Our World in Data, U.S. Department of Energy. ‘Based on CO2-equivalent emissions per gigabit-hour of electricity produced’

Who's the Greenestof them All?

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Denmark82.5
Luxembourg (LUX.)82.3
Switzerland (SWITZ)81.5
United Kingdom81.32
France80
Austria (AUS.)79.6
Sweden78.9
Finland78.7
Norway77.7
Germany77.2
denmark_lead
Denmark leads the world in climate change mitigation: policy and results
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Singapore leads the world in fishery health and sustainability
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Canada leads the world in biodiversity habitat
CLIMATE CHANGE
LEADERS
  • denmarkDenmark
  • romaniaRomania
  • franceFrance
AIR QUALITY
LEADERS
  • finlandFinland
  • australiaAustralia
  • swedenSweden
  • icelandIceland
  • norwayNorway

QUIZ

Climate ChangeAND YOU

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Save Energy At Home

Much of our electricity and heat are powered by coal, oil, and gas. Use less energy by lowering your heating and cooling, switching to LED light bulbs and energy-efficient electric appliances, washing your laundry with cold water, or hanging things to dry instead of using a dryer.
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Switching To Electric Vehicles

Vehicles powered by fossil fuels contribute to a huge chunk of pollution. Switching to Electric Vehicles (EVs) will go a long way in curbing emissions. Many of the major auto companies are jumping on the EV bandwagon. Now is a good time to make the switch.
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Throwing Away Less Food

When food rots in a landfill, it produces methane, a powerful greenhouse gas. So use what you buy and compost any leftovers. When you throw food away, you're also wasting the resources and energy that were used to grow, produce, package, and transport it.
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Reduce Water Waste

Saving water reduces carbon pollution, too. That's because it takes a lot of energy to pump, heat, and treat your water. So take shorter showers, turn off the tap while brushing your teeth and ensure that there are no leaks in your plumbing.